Total broadband subscribers reached to 74.5 million at the end of 2018. Fixed broadband services were widely provided by Türk Telekom with the leadership of its infrastructure investments since 2005, and accordingly, the number of fixed broadband subscribers increased to 13.4 million in Turkey. xDSL is the main fixed broadband technology in the country with 9.5 million subscribers as of Q4’18. Additionally, the number of fiber subscribers was 2.8 million and there were also 932 thousand cable subscribers at the end of Q4’18. Compared to OECD average of 30.4% fixed broadband population penetration rate, Turkey has an important growth potential with its 16.3% penetration rate.
Investments for fiber optic infrastructure have increased in the country in recent years. Türk Telekom with its 282 thousand kilometer fiber network has the widest fiber infrastructure in Turkey. Alternative operators’ fiber length was 73 thousand at the end of Q4’18.
On the mobile broadband side, the total number of users was around 61.1 million corresponding to 74.5% population penetration rate at the end of Q4’18. Mobile broadband users via mobile phones reached to 60.4 million while mobile broadband users via non-phone mobile devices were 656 thousand. Compared to OECD average of 102.4% mobile broadband penetration rate, Turkey has an important growth potential in terms of mobile broadband penetration.
The total number of mobile phone subscribers in Turkey was 80.1 million corresponding to 99.0% penetration rate at the end of Q4’18. Share of prepaid subscribers in the market was 43% in Turkey whereas it is around 31% in Europe.
On 26 August 2015, the Auction for IMT Services and Infrastructures Authorization was held by ICTA. Excluding VAT, total auction fee for 365.4 MHz of spectrum across 18 packages in 5 separate frequency bands (800, 900, 1800, 2100 ve 2600 MHz) was EUR 3,356 mn. Following the auction, the current frequency allocated to mobile operators increased from 184 MHz to 549 MHz. Operators launched IMT services as of 1 April 2016. At the end of Q4’18, number of active LTE subscribers in Turkey reached to 40 million.
There were 11.6 million fixed voice subscribers corresponding to 14.2% penetration rate in Turkey at the end of Q4’18. Given the average household size of 3.4 in Turkey, a significant portion of the population uses fixed voice services.