Total broadband subscribers reached 74.7 million at the end of the first quarter of 2019. Fixed broadband services were widely provided by Türk Telekom with the leadership of its infrastructure investments since 2005, and accordingly, the number of fixed broadband subscribers increased to 13.6 million in Turkey. xDSL is the main fixed broadband technology in the country with 9.6 million subscribers as of Q1’19. Additionally, the number of fiber subscribers was 2.9 million and there were also 958 thousand cable subscribers at the end of Q1’19. Compared to OECD average of 30.6% fixed broadband population penetration rate, Turkey has important growth potential with its 16.6% penetration rate.
Investments for fiber optic infrastructure have increased in the country in recent years. Türk Telekom with its 285 thousand kilometer fiber network has the widest fiber infrastructure in Turkey. Alternative operators’ fiber length was 75 thousand at the end of Q1’19.
On the mobile broadband side, the total number of users was around 61.1 million corresponding to 74.5% population penetration rate at the end of Q1’19. Mobile broadband users via mobile phones reached 60.4 million while mobile broadband users via non-phone mobile devices were 656 thousand. Compared to OECD average of 106.4% mobile broadband penetration rate, Turkey has important growth potential in terms of mobile broadband penetration.
The total number of mobile phone subscribers in Turkey was 80.9 million corresponding to 98.7% penetration rate at the end of Q1’19. Share of prepaid subscribers in the market was 43% in Turkey whereas it is around 31% in Europe.
On 26 August 2015, the Auction for IMT Services and Infrastructures Authorization was held by ICTA. Excluding VAT, total auction fee for 365.4 MHz of spectrum across 18 packages in 5 separate frequency bands (800, 900, 1800, 2100 ve 2600 MHz) was EUR 3,356 mn. Following the auction, the current frequency allocated to mobile operators increased from 184 MHz to 549 MHz. Operators launched IMT services as of 1 April 2016. At the end of Q1’19, number of active LTE subscribers in Turkey reached 42 million.
There were 11.6 million fixed voice subscribers corresponding to 14.2% penetration rate in Turkey at the end of Q1’19. Given the average household size of 3.4 in Turkey, a significant portion of the population uses fixed voice services.