Turkish Telecom Sector
Total broadband subscribers reached 88.2 million at the end of the fourth quarter of 2021. In Turkey, fixed broadband usage has increased considerably thanks to the leadership of Türk Telekom’s infrastructural investments since 2005. Accordingly, the number of fixed broadband subscribers increased to 18.1 million. Fibre technology (FTTH/FTTB) increased by 20.8% year on year with number of subscribers reaching 4.8 million as of fourth quarter of 2021. Additionally, the number of xDSL subscribers was 11.4 million and there were also 1.4 million cable internet subscribers at the end of Q4’21. Compared to OECD average of 33.2% fixed broadband population penetration rate, Turkey has important growth potential with its 21.4% penetration rate.
Investments for fibre optic infrastructure have increased in the country in recent years. Türk Telekom with its 366 thousand kilometre fibre network has the widest fibre infrastructure in Turkey. Alternative operators’ fibre length was 104.9 thousand kilometre at the end of Q4’21.
On the mobile broadband side, the total number of users was 70.0 million corresponding to 82.3% population penetration rate at the end of Q4’21. Mobile broadband users via mobile phones reached 69.6 million while mobile broadband users via non-phone mobile devices were 447 thousand. Compared to OECD with average of 118.3% mobile broadband penetration rate, Turkey has important growth potential in terms of mobile broadband penetration.
The total number of mobile phone subscribers in Turkey was 86.3 million corresponding to 101.9% penetration rate at the end of Q4’21. Share of prepaid subscribers was 33% in Turkey in Q4’21, whereas it is around 28% in Europe.
On 26 August 2015, the Auction for IMT Services and Infrastructures Authorisation was held by ICTA. Excluding VAT, total auction fee for 365.4 MHz of spectrum across 18 packages in 5 separate frequency bands (800, 900, 1800, 2100 and 2600 MHz) was EUR 3,356 mn. Following the auction, the current frequency allocated to mobile operators increased from 184 MHz to 549 MHz. Operators launched IMT services as of 1 April 2016. At the end of Q4’21, number of active LTE subscribers in Turkey reached 61.9 million.
There were 12.3 million fixed voice subscribers corresponding to 14.5% penetration rate in Turkey at the end of Q4’21. Given the average household size of 3.3, in Turkey a significant portion of the population uses fixed voice services.